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Cooperative motion of intrinsic and actuated semiflexible swimmers
Llopis, I.; Pagonabarraga Mora, Ignacio; Consentino Lagomarsino Marco, 1974-; Lowe, C. P.
Universitat de Barcelona
We examine the phenomenon of hydrodynamic-induced cooperativity for pairs of flagellated micro-organism swimmers, of which spermatozoa cells are an example. We consider semiflexible swimmers, where inextensible filaments are driven by an internal intrinsic force and torque-free mechanism (intrinsic swimmers). The velocity gain for swimming cooperatively, which depends on both the geometry and the driving, develops as a result of the near-field coupling of bending and hydrodynamic stresses. We identify the regimes where hydrodynamic cooperativity is advantageous and quantify the change in efficiency. When the filaments' axes are parallel, hydrodynamic interaction induces a directional instability that causes semiflexible swimmers that profit from swimming together to move apart from each other. Biologically, this implies that flagella need to select different synchronized collective states and to compensate for directional instabilities (e.g., by binding) in order to profit from swimming together. By analyzing the cooperative motion of pairs of externally actuated filaments, we assess the impact that stress distribution along the filaments has on their collective displacements.
Biofísica
Mecànica de fluids
Hidrodinàmica
Flagel·lats
Motilitat cel·lular
Biophysics
Fluid mechanics
Hydrodynamics
Flagellata
Cell motility
(c) American Physical Society, 2013
Artículo
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
American Physical Society
         

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