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Reelin regulates the development and synaptogenesis of the layer-specific entorhino-hippocampal connections
Borrell Franco, Víctor; Río Fernández, José Antonio del; Alcántara Horrillo, Soledad; Derer, Michèle; Martinez García, Albert; D'Arcangelo, Gabriella; Nakajima, Kazunori; Mikoshiba, Katsuhiko; Derer, Paul; Curran, Tom
Universitat de Barcelona
Here we examine the role of Reelin, an extracellular protein involved in neuronal migration, in the formation of hippocampal connections. Both at prenatal and postnatal stages, the general laminar and topographic distribution of entorhinal projections is preserved in the hippocampus of reeler mutant mice, in the absence of Reelin. However, developing and adult entorhinal afferents show severe alterations, including increased numbers of misrouted fibers and the formation of abnormal patches of termination from the medial and lateral entorhinal cortices. At perinatal stages, single entorhinal axons in reeler mice are grouped into thick bundles, and they have decreased axonal branching and decreased extension of axon collaterals. We also show that the number of entorhino-hippocampal synapses is lower in reeler mice than in control animals during development. Studies performed in mixed entorhino-hippocampal co-cultures combining slices from reeler and wild-type mice indicate that these abnormalities are caused by the lack of Reelin in the target hippocampus. These findings imply that Reelin fulfills a modulatory role during the formation of layer-specific and topographic connections in the hippocampus. They also suggest that Reelin promotes maturation of single fibers and synaptogenesis by entorhinal afferents.
Regulació genètica
Teixit nerviós
Genetic regulation
Nerve tissue
(c) Society for Neuroscience, 1999
Society for Neuroscience

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