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Avocado seeds: extraction optimization and possible use as antioxidant in food
Segovia Gómez, Francisco José; Peiró Sánchez, Sara; Gallego Iradi, María Gabriela; Mohd Azman, Nurul Aini; Almajano Pablos, María Pilar
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Enginyeria Química; Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. ENGIBIO - Enginyeria i Biotecnologia
Consumption of avocado (Persea americana Mill) has increased worldwide in recent years. Part of this food (skin and seed) is lost during processing. However, a high proportion of bioactive substances, such as polyphenols, remain in this residue. The primary objective of this study was to model the extraction of polyphenols from the avocado pits. In addition, a further objective was to use the extract obtained to evaluate the protective power against oxidation in food systems, as for instance oil in water emulsions and meat products. Moreover, the possible synergy between the extracts and egg albumin in the emulsions is discussed. In Response Surface Method (RSM), the variables used are: temperature, time and ethanol concentration. The results are the total polyphenols content (TPC) and the antiradical power measured by Oxygen Radical Antioxidant Capacity (ORAC). In emulsions, the primary oxidation, by Peroxide Value and in fat meat the secondary oxidation, by TBARS (Thiobar bituric acid reactive substances), were analyzed. The RSM model has an R 2 of 94.69 for TPC and 96.7 for ORAC. In emulsions, the inhibition of the oxidation is about 30% for pure extracts and 60% for the combination of extracts with egg albumin. In the meat burger oxidation, the formation of TBARS is avoided by 90%
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria agroalimentària
Avocado
Antioxidants
RSM
avocado pit
ORAC
extraction
emulsion
oxidation
meat
Alvocat –- Indústra i comerç
Antioxidants
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Spain
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
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