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Magnetization versus heat treatment in rapidly solidified NdFeB alloys
Clavaguera-Mora, M. T.; Baró, M. D.; Suriñach, Santiago (Suriñach Cornet); Diego, J. A.; Clavaguera, N. (Clavaguera Plaja)
Universitat de Barcelona
NdFeB melt-spun amorphous or partially amorphous alloys of four compositions were prepared. Their crystallization kinetics induced by thermal treatment was studied by differential scanning calorimetry and scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Scanning electron microscopy demonstrated that heterogeneous nucleation occurs preferentially at the ribbon surface which was in contact with the wheel. The explicit form of the kinetic equation that best describes the first stage of crystallization under high undercooling conditions was obtained for each alloy. From the crystallization results, the lower part of the experimental time-temperature-transformation curves was deduced for each alloy and extrapolated up to the high-temperature limit of their validity. Microstructural observations showed a typical size of the microcrystals obtained by heat treatment of ~100 nm. From the magnetic properties measured with a vibrating sample magnetometer, the same magnetic behavior of partially crystallized alloys is observed regardless of the temperature of annealing provided the same crystallization fraction, x, is achieved, at least for small values of x (typically ~10%).
Substàncies amorfes
Microscòpia electrònica d'escombratge
Anàlisi tèrmica
Amorphous substances
Scanning electron microscopy
Thermal analysis
(c) IEEE, 1990

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