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Gut microbiota in a rat oral sensitization model: effect of a cocoa-enriched diet
Camps Bossacoma, Mariona; Pérez-Cano, Francisco J.; Franch i Masferrer, Àngels; Castell, Margarida
Universitat de Barcelona
Increasing evidence is emerging suggesting a relation between dietary compounds, microbiota, and the susceptibility to allergic diseases, particularly food allergy. Cocoa, a source of antioxidant polyphenols, has shown effects on gut microbiota and the ability to promote tolerance in an oral sensitization model. Taking these facts into consideration, the aim of the present study was to establish the influence of an oral sensitization model, both alone and together with a cocoa-enriched diet, on gut microbiota. Lewis rats were orally sensitized and fed with either a standard or 10% cocoa diet. Faecal microbiota was analysed through metagenomics study. Intestinal IgA concentration was also determined. Oral sensitization produced few changes in intestinal microbiota, but in those rats fed a cocoa diet significant modifications appeared. Decreased bacteria from the Firmicutes and Proteobacteria phyla and a higher percentage of bacteria belonging to the Tenericutes and Cyanobacteria phyla were observed. In conclusion, a cocoa diet is able to modify the microbiota bacterial pattern in orally sensitized animals. As cocoa inhibits the synthesis of specific antibodies and also intestinal IgA, those changes in microbiota pattern, particularly those of the Proteobacteria phylum, might be partially responsible for the tolerogenic effect of cocoa.
Microbiota
Al·lèrgia alimentària
Cacau
Microbiota
Food allergy
Cocoa
cc-by (c) Camps Bossacoma, Mariona et al., 2017
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es
Artículo
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Hindawi
         

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