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Summer drought predictability over Europe: empirical versus dynamical forecasts
Turco, Marco; Ceglar, Andrej; Prodhomme, Chloé; Soret, Albert; Toreti, Andrea; Doblas-Reyes, Francisco
Barcelona Supercomputing Center
Seasonal climate forecasts could be an important planning tool for farmers, government and insurance companies that can lead to better and timely management of seasonal climate risks. However, climate seasonal forecasts are often under-used, because potential users are not well aware of the capabilities and limitations of these products. This study aims at assessing the merits and caveats of a statistical empirical method, the ensemble streamflow prediction system (ESP, an ensemble based on reordering historical data) and an operational dynamical forecast system, the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts—System 4 (S4) in predicting summer drought in Europe. Droughts are defined using the Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index for the month of August integrated over 6 months. Both systems show useful and mostly comparable deterministic skill. We argue that this source of predictability is mostly attributable to the observed initial conditions. S4 shows only higher skill in terms of ability to probabilistically identify drought occurrence. Thus, currently, both approaches provide useful information and ESP represents a computationally fast alternative to dynamical prediction applications for drought prediction.
We acknowledge the NOAA/OAR/ESRL PSD, Boulder, Colorado, USA, for making the data available on their website http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/. This work was partially funded by the Projects IMPREX (EU–H2020 PE024400) and SPECS (FP7-ENV-2012-308378). Marco Turco was supported by the Spanish Juan de la Cierva Programme (IJCI-2015-26953).
Peer Reviewed
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Energies
Weather forecasting
Seasonal climate forecasting
Drought
Seasonal forectast
Standardized precipitation evapotranspiration index (SPEI)
Previsió del temps
Climatologia
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Spain
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Article
IOP Publishing
         

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