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En route towards the peptide gamma-helix: X-ray diffraction analyses and conformational energy calculations of Adm-rich short peptides
Mazzier, Daniela; Grassi, Luigi; Moretto, Alessandro; Alemán Llansó, Carlos; Formaggio, Fernando; Toniolo, Claudio; Crisma, Marco
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Enginyeria Química; Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. IMEM - Innovació, Modelització i Enginyeria en (BIO) Materials
We performed the solution-phase synthesis of a set of model peptides, including homo-oligomers, based on the 2-aminoadamantane-2-carboxylic acid (Adm) residue, an extremely bulky, highly lipophilic, tricyclic, achiral, Ca-tetrasubstituted a-amino acid. In particular, for the difficult peptide coupling reaction between two Adm residues, we took advantage of the Meldal's a-azidoacyl chloride approach. Most of the synthesized Adm peptides were characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses. The results indicate a significant propensity for the Adm residue to adopt ¿-turn and ¿-turn-like conformations. Interestingly, we found that a -CO-(Adm)2-NH- sequence is folded in the crystal state into a regular, incipient ¿-helix, at variance with the behavior of all of the homo-dipeptides from Ca-tetrasubstituted a-amino acids already investigated, which tend to adopt either the ß-turn or the fully extended conformation. Our density functional theory conformational energy calculations on the terminally blocked homo-peptides (n = 2–8) fully confirmed the crystal-state data, strongly supporting the view that this rigid Ca-tetrasubstituted a-amino acid residue is largely the most effective building block for ¿-helix induction, although to a limited length (anti-cooperative effect).
Peer Reviewed
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria química
X-Ray Diffraction
Peptides
Adm peptides
conformational energy calculations
gamma-helix
X-ray diffraction
gamma-turns
Pèptids
Raigs X -- Difracció
info:eu-repo/semantics/submittedVersion
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