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Body Image in Eating Disorders: The Influence of Exposure to Virtual-Reality Environments.
Gutiérrez Maldonado, José; Ferrer, Marta (Ferrer García); Caqueo-Urízar, A.; Moreno, E.
Universitat de Barcelona
The aim of this article was to study the effect of virtual-reality exposure to situations that are emotionally significant for patients with eating disorders (ED) on the stability of body-image distortion and body-image dissatisfaction. A total of 85 ED patients and 108 non-ED students were randomly exposed to four experimental virtual environments: a kitchen with low-calorie food, a kitchen with high-calorie food, a restaurant with low-calorie food, and a restaurant with high-calorie food. In the interval between the presentation of each situation, body-image distortion and body-image dissatisfaction were assessed. Several 2 x 2 x 2 repeated measures analyses of variance (high-calorie vs. low-calorie food x presence vs. absence of people x ED group vs. control group) showed that ED participants had significantly higher levels of body-image distortion and body dissatisfaction after eating high-calorie food than after eating low-calorie food, while control participants reported a similar body image in all situations. The results suggest that body-image distortion and body-image dissatisfaction show both trait and state features. On the one hand, ED patients show a general predisposition to overestimate their body size and to feel more dissatisfied with their body image than controls. On the other hand, these body-image disturbances fluctuate when participants are exposed to virtual situations that are emotionally relevant for them.
Trastorns de la nutrició
Ansietat
Realitat virtual
Emocions
Nutrition disorders
Anxiety
Virtual reality
Emotions
(c) Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., 2010
Artículo
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
         

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