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Solubility study and point of zero charge of studtite (UO2O2 center dot 4H(2)O)
Giménez Izquierdo, Francisco Javier; De Pablo, Joan; Casas Pons, Ignasi; Martínez Lladó, Xavier; Rovira Boixaderas, Miquel; Martinez Torrents, A
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Enginyeria Química; Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. SETRI - Grup de Tècniques de Separació i Tractament de Residus Industrials
The knowledge of the characteristics of the U(VI)-peroxide chemical system is of importance because of the relevance of the uranyl peroxide solid phases studtite (UO2O2 center dot 4H(2)O) or metastudtite (UO2O2 center dot 2H(2)O) as uranyl secondary solid phases during the leaching of the spent nuclear fuel as well as to the formation in alkaline waters of soluble nanoscale uranyl peroxo cage clusters. In this work, the solubility of studtite was determined for the first time as a function of pH (from 3 to 11) by means of studtite undersaturation experiments. The results obtained showed a V-shaped solubility curve, which was modelled considering the uranyl complexes formation constants (database of the Nuclear Energy Agency, NEA) and recently published formation constants of uranium hydroxo-peroxo-complexes. The best fit of the model to the experimental solubility data was obtained with log K-sO = -2.7 +/- 0.2 for the studtite solubility reaction:; UO2O2 center dot 4H(2)O(s) + 2H(+) reversible arrow UO22+ + 4H(2)O + H2O2; On the other hand, the so-called immersion methodology was used in order to determine the pH(pzc) of studtite, which resulted to be 4.0 +/- 0.2. This value would corroborate a sorption mechanism based on electrostatic interactions described for previously published sorption data of cations (Cs+, Sr2+) on studtite. (c) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Peer Reviewed
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria química
Urani -- Anàlisi
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Spain

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