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Concentration of NaCl from seawater reverse osmosis brines for the chlor-alkali industry by electrodialysis
Reig i Amat, Mònica; Casas Garriga, Sandra; Aladjem, Carlos; Valderrama Angel, César Alberto; Gibert Agulló, Oriol; Valero Cervera, Fernando; Miguel Centeno, Carlos; Larrotcha, Enric; Cortina Pallás, José Luís
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Enginyeria Química; Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. SETRI - Grup de Tècniques de Separació i Tractament de Residus Industrials
Currently, numerous studies are focused on the valorisation of seawater desalination reverse osmosis brines. Electrodialysis can be used to concentrate one of the primary components (NaCI) and obtain a suitable raw material for industrial applications, such as the chlor-alkali industry. An electrodialysis pilot plant was used to evaluate the efficiency of concentrating a seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) brine under representative full-scale operational conditions covering the temperature range of a semiarid climate. The results indicate that electrodialysis is a technology that can concentrate SVVRO brines from approximately 70 to 245 g/L NaCl, achieving an additional intrinsic purification of major multivalent ions (Ca2+, Mg2+, SO42-) due to the selectivity patterns of ion exchange membranes and the ion-complexation reactions in the concentrated brines. However, minor components, such as Ni and Cu, are concentrated due to the formation of Cu and Ni complexes with chloride ions to form monocharged species (e.g., NiCl+ and CuCl+). Energy consumption values of 0.12 kWh/kg NaCl for 185 g NaCl/l at 27 degrees C and 0.35 kA/m(2) or 0.19 kWh/kg NaCl for 203 g NaCl/l at 27 degrees C and 0.50 kA/m(2) were reached. These results were compared with the data obtained from the literature for salt production by electrodialysers. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Peer Reviewed
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria química
Saline water conversion
Ion exchange membranes
Energy consumption
Brine reuse
Chlor-alkali industry
EXCHANGE MEMBRANE ELECTRODIALYSIS
SALINE WATER DESALINATION
OF-THE-ART
COMPUTER-SIMULATION
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS
SALT PRODUCTION
PLANT
EXTRACTION
DISPOSAL
EVAPORATION
Aigua salada -- Dessalatge -- Osmosi inversa
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Spain
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
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