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Binding of a C-end rule peptide to the neuropilin-1 receptor: a molecular modeling approach
Haspel, Nurit; Zanuy Gomara, David; Nussinov, Ruth; Teesalu, Tambet; Ruoslahti, Erkki; Alemán Llansó, Carlos
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Enginyeria Química; Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. IMEM - Innovació en Materials i Enginyeria Molecular
Neuropilin-1 (NRP-1) is a receptor that plays an essential role in angiogenesis, vascular permeability, and nervous system development. Previous studies have shown that peptides with an N-terminal Arg, especially peptides with the four-residue consensus sequence R/K/XXR/K, bind to NRP-1 cell surfaces. Peptides containing such consensus sequences promote binding and internalization into cells, while blocking the C-terminal Arg (or Lys) prevents the internalization. In this study, we use molecular dynamics simulations to model the structural properties of the NRP-1 complex with a prototypic CendR peptide, RPAR. Our simulations show that RPAR binds NRP-1 through specific interactions of the RPAR C-terminus: three hydrogen bonds and a salt bridge anchor the ligand in the receptor pocket. The modeling results were used as the starting point for a systematic computational study of new RPAR analogues based on chemical modifications of their natural amino acids. Comparison of the structural properties of the new peptide-receptor complexes with the original organization suggests that some of the analogues can increase the binding affinity while reducing the natural sensitivity of RXXR to endogenous proteases.
Peer Reviewed
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria química::Química física::Estructura molecular
Neuropilin-1
Neuropilina-1
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
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