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Under-achievement and the glass ceiling: Evidence from a TV game show
Hogarth, Robin; Karelaia, Natalia; Trujillo, Carlos Andrés
Universitat Pompeu Fabra. Departament d'Economia i Empresa
We use a Colombian TV game show to test gender differences in competitivebehavior where there is no opportunity for discrimination and females face no genderspecificexternal constraints. Each game started with six contestants who had toanswer general knowledge questions in private. There were five rounds of questionsand, at the end of each, one participant was eliminated. Despite equality in startingnumbers, women earn less than men and exit the game at a faster rate. In particular,there are more voluntary withdrawals by women than men. We draw an analogybetween the game and the process by which employees rise through the levels of acorporation. As such, we note that glass ceilings may result, in part, from women sown behavior and this raises the issue of how women are socialized to behave. At thesame time, our results illustrate that maintaining and promoting gender diversity at thelower/middle ranks of organizations is necessary to obtain gender diversity at the top.
Behavioral and Experimental Economics
tv game shows
gender differences
glass ceilings
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