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Profiling of aerosol microphysical properties at several EARLINET/AERONET sites during the July 2012 ChArMEx/EMEP campaign
Granados-Muñoz, María J.; Navas-Guzmán, Francisco; Guerrero-Rascado, Juan L.; Bravo-Aranda, Juan A.; Binietoglou, Ioannis; Pereira, Sergio N.; Basart, Sara; Baldasano, José M.; Belegante, Livio; Chaikovsky, Anatoli; Comerón, Adolfo; D'Amico, Giuseppe; Dubovik, Oleg; Ilic, Luka; Kokkalis, Panos; Muñoz-Porcar, Constantino; Nickovic, Slobodan; Nicolae, Doina; Olmo, Francisco J.; Papayannis, Alexander; Pappalardo, Gelsomina; Rodríguez, Alejandro; Schepanski, Kerstin; Sicard, Michaël; Vukovic, Ana; Wandinger, Ulla; Dulac, François; Alados-Arboledas, Lucas
Barcelona Supercomputing Center
The simultaneous analysis of aerosol microphysical properties profiles at different European stations is made in the framework of the ChArMEx/EMEP 2012 field campaign (9–11 July 2012). During and in support of this campaign, five lidar ground-based stations (Athens, Barcelona, Bucharest, Évora, and Granada) performed 72 h of continuous lidar measurements and collocated and coincident sun-photometer measurements. Therefore it was possible to retrieve volume concentration profiles with the Lidar Radiometer Inversion Code (LIRIC). Results indicated the presence of a mineral dust plume affecting the western Mediterranean region (mainly the Granada station), whereas a different aerosol plume was observed over the Balkans area. LIRIC profiles showed a predominance of coarse spheroid particles above Granada, as expected for mineral dust, and an aerosol plume composed mainly of fine and coarse spherical particles above Athens and Bucharest. Due to the exceptional characteristics of the ChArMEx database, the analysis of the microphysical properties profiles' temporal evolution was also possible. An in-depth analysis was performed mainly at the Granada station because of the availability of continuous lidar measurements and frequent AERONET inversion retrievals. The analysis at Granada was of special interest since the station was affected by mineral dust during the complete analyzed period. LIRIC was found to be a very useful tool for performing continuous monitoring of mineral dust, allowing for the analysis of the dynamics of the dust event in the vertical and temporal coordinates. Results obtained here illustrate the importance of having collocated and simultaneous advanced lidar and sun-photometer measurements in order to characterize the aerosol microphysical properties in both the vertical and temporal coordinates at a regional scale. In addition, this study revealed that the use of the depolarization information as input in LIRIC in the stations of Bucharest, Évora, and Granada was crucial for the characterization of the aerosol types and their distribution in the vertical column, whereas in stations lacking depolarization lidar channels, ancillary information was needed. Results obtained were also used for the validation of different mineral dust models. In general, the models better forecast the vertical distribution of the mineral dust than the column-integrated mass concentration, which was underestimated in most of the cases.
This work was supported by the Andalusia Regional Government through projects P12-RNM-2409 and P10-RNM-6299, by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness through projects TEC2012-34575, TEC2015-63832-P, CGL2013-45410-R, CGL2011-13580-E/CLI, CGL2011-16124-E, and CGL2013-46736-R; by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (project UNPC10-4E-442); the EU through the H2020 project ACTRIS2 (contract number 654109); by the University of Granada through the contract “Plan Propio. Programa 9. Convocatoria 2013”; and by the Department of Economy and Knowledge of the Catalan autonomous government (grant 2014 SGR 583). M. J. Granados-Muñoz was funded under grant AP2009-0552 from the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science. S. N. Pereira was funded under fellowship SFRH/BPD/81132/2011 and projects FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-029212 (PTDC/GEO-MET/4222/2012 from the Portuguese Government). S. Basart and J. M. Baldasano acknowledge the CICYT project (CGL2010-19652 and CGL2013-46736) and Severo Ochoa Programme (SEV-2011-00067) of the Spanish Government. BSC-DREAM8b and NMMB/BSC-Dust simulations were performed on the Mare Nostrum supercomputer hosted by Barcelona Supercomputing Center-Centro Nacional de Supercomputación (BSC-CNS). This paper was realized also as a part of the project III43007 financed by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Serbia within the framework of integrated and interdisciplinary research for the period 2011–2015. It has also received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development, and demonstration under grant agreement no. 289923 – ITaRS. The CIMEL calibration was performed at the AERONET-EUROPE calibration center, supported by ACTRIS-2 (EUH2020 grant agreement no. 654109. The authors express gratitude to the NOAA Air Resources Laboratory for the HYSPLIT transport and dispersion model; the ICARE Data and Services Center the MODIS team; and the ChArMEx project of the MISTRALS (Mediterranean Integrated Studies at Regional And Local Scales; multidisciplinary research programme.
Peer Reviewed
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Física
Forecasting--Data processing
Mineral dusts--Measurement
ChArMEx database
Lidar Radiometer Inversion Code (LIRIC)
Aerosol types
Seasonal forecasting
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Spain
European Geosciences Union

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