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The impact of women's educational and economic resources on fertility: Spanish birth cohorts 1901-1950
Baizán, Pau; Camps Cura, Enriqueta
Universitat Pompeu Fabra. Departament de Ciències Polítiques i Socials
In this chapter we portray the effects of female education and professional achievement on fertility decline in Spain over the period 1920-1980 (birth cohorts of 1901-1950).A longitudinal econometric approach is used to test the hypothesis that the effects of women’s education in the revaluing of their time had a very significant influence on fertility decline. Although in the historical context presented here improvements in schooling were on a modest scale, they were continuous (with the interruption of the Civil War) and had a significant impact in shaping a model of low fertility in Spain. We also stress the relevance of this result in a context such as the Spanish for which liberal values were absent, fertility control practices were forbidden, and labour force participation of women was politically and socially constrained.
2005-09
Fecunditat humana -- Espanya
Dones -- Educació
Dones -- Treball
Dones -- Estudis longitudinals
Transició demogràfica
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