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Robust Factor Analysis for Compositional Data
Filzmoser, Peter; Hron, Karel; Reimann, Clemens; Garrett, Robert G.
Daunis i Estadella, Josep; Martín Fernández, Josep Antoni; Universitat de Girona. Departament d’Informàtica i Matemàtica Aplicada
Factor analysis as frequent technique for multivariate data inspection is widely used also for compositional data analysis. The usual way is to use a centered logratio (clr)transformation to obtain the random vector y of dimension D. The factor model istheny = Λf + e (1)with the factors f of dimension k & D, the error term e, and the loadings matrix Λ.Using the usual model assumptions (see, e.g., Basilevsky, 1994), the factor analysismodel (1) can be written asCov(y) = ΛΛT + ψ (2)where ψ = Cov(e) has a diagonal form. The diagonal elements of ψ as well as theloadings matrix Λ are estimated from an estimation of Cov(y).Given observed clr transformed data Y as realizations of the random vectory. Outliers or deviations from the idealized model assumptions of factor analysiscan severely effect the parameter estimation. As a way out, robust estimation ofthe covariance matrix of Y will lead to robust estimates of Λ and ψ in (2), seePison et al. (2003). Well known robust covariance estimators with good statisticalproperties, like the MCD or the S-estimators (see, e.g. Maronna et al., 2006), relyon a full-rank data matrix Y which is not the case for clr transformed data (see,e.g., Aitchison, 1986).The isometric logratio (ilr) transformation (Egozcue et al., 2003) solves thissingularity problem. The data matrix Y is transformed to a matrix Z by usingan orthonormal basis of lower dimension. Using the ilr transformed data, a robustcovariance matrix C(Z) can be estimated. The result can be back-transformed tothe clr space byC(Y ) = V C(Z)V Twhere the matrix V with orthonormal columns comes from the relation betweenthe clr and the ilr transformation. Now the parameters in the model (2) can beestimated (Basilevsky, 1994) and the results have a direct interpretation since thelinks to the original variables are still preserved.The above procedure will be applied to data from geochemistry. Our specialinterest is on comparing the results with those of Reimann et al. (2002) for the Kolaproject data
Geologische Vereinigung; Institut d’Estadística de Catalunya; International Association for Mathematical Geology; Càtedra Lluís Santaló d’Aplicacions de la Matemàtica; Generalitat de Catalunya, Departament d’Innovació, Universitats i Recerca; Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia; Ingenio 2010.
Anàlisi factorial
Estadística matemàtica
Tots els drets reservats
Universitat de Girona. Departament d’Informàtica i Matemàtica Aplicada

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