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An R Library for Compositional Data Analysis in Archaeometry
Beardah, C.C.; Baxter, M.J.
Mateu i Figueras, Glòria; Barceló i Vidal, Carles; Universitat de Girona. Departament d’Informàtica i Matemàtica Aplicada
Compositional data naturally arises from the scientific analysis of the chemicalcomposition of archaeological material such as ceramic and glass artefacts. Data of thistype can be explored using a variety of techniques, from standard multivariate methodssuch as principal components analysis and cluster analysis, to methods based upon theuse of log-ratios. The general aim is to identify groups of chemically similar artefactsthat could potentially be used to answer questions of provenance.This paper will demonstrate work in progress on the development of a documentedlibrary of methods, implemented using the statistical package R, for the analysis ofcompositional data. R is an open source package that makes available very powerfulstatistical facilities at no cost. We aim to show how, with the aid of statistical softwaresuch as R, traditional exploratory multivariate analysis can easily be used alongside, orin combination with, specialist techniques of compositional data analysis.The library has been developed from a core of basic R functionality, together withpurpose-written routines arising from our own research (for example that reported atCoDaWork'03). In addition, we have included other appropriate publicly availabletechniques and libraries that have been implemented in R by other authors. Availablefunctions range from standard multivariate techniques through to various approaches tolog-ratio analysis and zero replacement. We also discuss and demonstrate a smallselection of relatively new techniques that have hitherto been little-used inarchaeometric applications involving compositional data. The application of the libraryto the analysis of data arising in archaeometry will be demonstrated; results fromdifferent analyses will be compared; and the utility of the various methods discussed
Geologische Vereinigung; Institut d’Estadística de Catalunya; International Association for Mathematical Geology; Patronat de l’Escola Politècnica Superior de la Universitat de Girona; Fundació privada: Girona, Universitat i Futur; Càtedra Lluís Santaló d’Aplicacions de la Matemàtica; Consell Social de la Universitat de Girona; Ministerio de Ciencia i Tecnología.
Anàlisi multivariable
Estadística matemàtica -- Informàtica
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Universitat de Girona. Departament d’Informàtica i Matemàtica Aplicada

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