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Lability and mobility effects on mixtures of ligands under steady-state conditions
Galceran i Nogués, Josep; Puy Llorens, Jaume; Salvador, José; Cecilia Averós, Joan; Mas i Pujadas, Francesc; Garcés, Josep Lluís
Analytical solutions for the steady-state flux arriving at an active surface from a mixture (in which one active species reacts with non-active ligands in the medium) can be helpful in a variety of problems: voltammetric techniques, heterogeneous processes in reactors, toxic or nutrient uptake, techniques of diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT), etc. Under any geometry that sustains steady-state, a convenient combination of the reaction
diffusion equations leads to a simpler formulation of the problem for arbitrary diffusivities of the species and arbitrary rate constants of the first-order conversion between the active species and the non-active species. The resulting problem can be characterised in terms of a list of dimensionless parameters involving the kinetic and mobility properties of each species. A lability degree for each 1∶1 complex in terms of the surface concentrations leads to: (i) a lability criterion specific for each complex in the mixture and (ii) the assessment of the relative contribution of each complex to the resulting flux. Semi-infinite spherical diffusion (as in the Gel Integrated MicroElectrode, GIME, biouptake modelling of micro-organisms, etc.) is specifically considered and some consequences of its full analytical solutions are discussed.
Mecanismes de reacció (Química)
Lligands (Bioquímica)
Reaction mechanisms (Chemistry)
Ligands (Biochemistry)
(c) Royal Society of Chemistry, 2003
Royal Society of Chemistry

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