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Colorectal cancer screening programme in Spain: results of key performance indicators after five rounds (2000-2012)
Binefa, Gemma; García Martínez, Montserrat; Milà, Núria; Fernández Muñoz, Esteve; Rodríguez Moranta, Francisco; Gonzalo Diego, Núria; Benito-Aracil, Llúcia; Clopés, Ana; Guardiola, Jordi; Moreno Aguado, Víctor
Universitat de Barcelona
A l'article en PDF consta com a vol. 5
Effective quality assurance is essential in any screening programme. This article provides a unique insight into key quality indicators of five rounds of the first population-based colorectal cancer screening programme implemented in Spain (2000-2012), providing the results according to the type of screening (prevalent or first screen and incident or subsequent screen) and test (guaiac or immunochemical). The total crude participation rate increased from 17.2% (11,011) in the first round to 35.9% (22,988) in the last one. Rescreening rate was very high (88.6% in the fifth round). Positivity rate was superior with the faecal immunochemical test (6.2%) than with the guaiac-based test (0.7%) (p< 0.0001) and detection rates were also better with the immunochemical test. The most significant rise in detection rate was observed for high risk adenoma in men (45.5 per 1,000 screened). Most cancers were diagnosed at an early stage (61.4%) and there was a statistically significant difference between those detected in first or subsequent screening (52.6% and 70.0% respectively; p= 0.024). The availability of these results substantially improves data comparisons and the exchange of experience between screening programmes.
Càncer colorectal
Indicadors de salut
Programes de prevenció
Colorectal cancer
Health status indicators
Medical screening
Prevention programs
cc-by (c) Binefa, Gemma et al., 2016
Nature Publishing Group

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