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BDNF and NGF signalling in early phases of psychosis: relationship with inflammation and response to antipsychotics after a 1 year
Martínez-Cengotitabengoa, Mónica; MacDowell, Karina S.; Alberich, Susana; Díaz, FJ.; García-Bueno, Borja; Rodriguez-Jimenez, R.; Bioque Alcázar, Miquel; Berrocoso, Esther; Parellada, Mara; Lobo, Antonio; Saiz, P.A.; Matute, Carlos; Bernardo Arroyo, Miquel; González-Pinto, Ana; Leza, Juan C.
Universitat de Barcelona
Previous studies have indicated systemic deregulation of the proinflammatory or anti-inflammatory balance in individuals with first-episode psychosis (FEP) that persists 12 months later. To identify potential risk/protective factors and associations with symptom severity, we assessed possible changes in plasma levels of neurotrophins (brain-derived neurotrophic factor [BDNF] and nerve growth factor [NGF]) and their receptors in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). Expression of the 2 forms of BDNF receptors (active TrkB-FL and inactiveTrkB-T1) in PBMCs of FEP patients changed over time, TrkB-FL expression increasing by 1 year after diagnosis, while TrkB-T1 expression decreased. The TrkB-FL/TrkB-T1 ratio (hereafter FL/T1 ratio) increased during follow-up in the nonaffective psychosis group only, suggesting different underlying pathophysiological mechanisms in subgroups of FEP patients. Further, the expression of the main NGF receptor, TrkA, generally increased in patients at follow-up. After adjusting for potential confounders, baseline levels of inducible isoforms of nitric oxide synthase, cyclooxygenase, and nuclear transcription factor were significantly associated with the FL/T1 ratio, suggesting that more inflammation is associated with higher values of this ratio. Interestingly, the FL/T1 ratio might have a role as a predictor of functioning, a regression model of functioning at 1 year suggesting that the effect of the FL/T1 ratio at baseline on functioning at 1 year depended on whether patients were treated with antipsychotics. These findings may have translational relevance; specifically, it might be useful to assess the expression of TrkB receptor isoforms before initiating antipsychotic treatment in FEPs
Psicosi
Trastorns afectius
Antipsicòtics
Farmacologia
Estudi de casos
Inflamació
Psychoses
Affective disorders
Antipsychotic drugs
Pharmacology
Case studies
Inflammation
cc-by-nc-nd (c) Martínez-Cengotitabengoa, Mónica et al., 2015
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es
Artículo
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Oxford University Press
         

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