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Comparing manned and automated horizontal handling equipment at container terminals: a productivity and economical analysis
Saurí Marchán, Sergi; Morales Fusco, Pau; Martin Alcalde, Enrique; Benítez, Pere
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Infraestructura del Transport i el Territori; Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. CENIT - Recerca i innovació en Transport, Mobilitat i Logística
The choice of horizontal handling transport in automated container terminals is not fully consistent in comparison with the automation of stacking cranes at the storage yard. Often the decision of automated system that connects the berth with the yard area is not clear and terminal operators tend to use not automated systems (straddle-carrier systems). The goal of this paper is providing an economical analysis to figure out under which conditions an automated horizontal transport is more efficient than a straddle-carrier. The study provided several simulation models to calculate the optimal equipment necessary to connect storage and berth subsystems in a maritime container terminal in fully automated and semi-automated scenarios. For that purpose, the data from the semi automated container terminal at Port of Barcelona has been used. After a cost analysis, some guidelines on what might be the best alternative considering labor costs, throughput movements per quay crane and year and different quay cranes productivities are provided.
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Nàutica::Infraestructures portuàries
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Nàutica::Navegació marítima::Transport marítim
Container terminals--Management
Automated Guided Vehicle
container terminal
automated terminal
semi-automated terminal
cost analysis
Contenidors -- Terminals -- Gestió i control -- Automatització

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