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Influencing biophysical properties of fibrin with buffer solutions
Potier, Esther; Noailly, Jérôme; Sprecher, Christoph M.; Ito, Keita
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament de Ciència dels Materials i Enginyeria Metal·lúrgica
Fibrin has been proposed as cell scaffold for numerous tissue engineering applications. While most of the studies have focused on fibrinogen and thrombin, other components of fibrin can also affect its properties. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of buffer solu- tion composition on fibrin biophysical properties. Fibrin scaffolds were synthesized with different calcium, chlo- ride, and factor XIII (FXIII) final concentrations. Light transmission was determined as a relative, semi-quantita- tive estimator of fiber structure differences, and two com- positions, resulting in translucent and opaque gels, were tested for mechanical and biological properties. Gels were seeded with mouse mesenchymal cells, C3H10T1/2, or bovine bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells and cultured up to 10 or 24 days, before cell number, morphology and distribution were evaluated. Calcium increased gel opacity (i.e., fiber thickness), while chloride and FXIII decreased it. Opaque gels displayed a fluid-like viscous behavior while translucent gels showed improved elastic properties. Both compositions supported survival of both cell types with opaque gels leading to better prolif- eration, but significant scaffold shrinkage after 17 days of culture. These results demonstrated that calcium, chloride, and FXIII modulate the biophysical properties of fibrin, and can be used to adjust mechanical and biological properties for tissue engineering applications
Peer Reviewed
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria dels materials
Biomedical engineering.
Enginyeria biomèdica
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Spain

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