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Cancellation of scattering mechanisms in PolInSAR: application to underlying topography estimation
López Martínez, Carlos; Papathanassiou, Kostantinos
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament de Teoria del Senyal i Comunicacions; Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. RSLAB - Grup de Recerca en Teledetecció
This paper investigates the polarimetric dependence of the interferometric complex correlation and proposes amethodology for cancelling individual scattering mechanisms, in terms of the complex correlation coefficient phase, under the assumption of the random volume over ground model. This allows the estimation of the ground topography on forested and vegetated areas. The first part of the analysis considers the separation of the volume from the ground (including the double-bounce scattering mechanism). This process identifies the polarization states, without constraining them to be equal in both polarimetric acquisitions, which allow to cancel either the volume scattering contribution or the ground contribution. In order to have access to the interferometric phase of the remaining or isolated scattering mechanism, the polarimetric phase contribution of this scattering mechanism has to be removed in a second step. In the case of forested areas, the previous methodology is considered from two different point of views. For the estimation of the underlying ground topography, the cancellation of the volume scattering contribution makes possible to access the interferometric phase associated to the ground contribution. In addition, the interferometric information associated to the volume scattering contribution is estimated based on the cancellation of the ground contribution. The proposed techniques are analyzed on the basis of simulated and experimental polarimetric interferometric synthetic aperture radar data, demonstrating that the ground topography, as well as the height associated to the volume contribution, are asymptotically nonbiased and dependent on the shape of the particles of the random volume. In case of spheres (η = 0), the ground-to-volume ratio presents large values favoring the accurate estimation of the topographic phase. For the case of dipole like particles (η = 0.5), the ground-to-volume ration decreases producing a coherence |ρ| in the order of 0.1, making necessary a large speckle filtering to obtain a reliable estimation of the topographic phase.
Peer Reviewed
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria de la telecomunicació::Radiocomunicació i exploració electromagnètica::Satèl·lits i ràdioenllaços
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria de la telecomunicació::Radiocomunicació i exploració electromagnètica
Ellipsometry
Topographical surveying
Polarimetric SAR interferometry
SAR interferometry (InSAR)
SAR polarimetry
underlying topography
El·lipsometria
Topografia
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Artículo
IEEE Press. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
         

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