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Single mothers and incentives to work: The French experience;
Single Mothers, Welfare, and Incentives to Work
González Luna, Libertad
Universitat Pompeu Fabra. Departament d'Economia i Empresa
This paper analyzes the effect of the 1998 reform of the French single parents allowanceon the labor supply of single mothers with very young children. The reform aimed atencouraging participation by allowing eligible single parents to accumulate benefits andlabor earnings for a limited period of time. Using data from the French EmploymentSurvey, the analysis shows that single mothers affected by the reform had experienced asignificant increase in their employment rate four years after the reform wasimplemented. During the same period, the employment rate of married mothers withyoung children did not experience a significant change, suggesting that at least part ofthe increase was a consequence of the reform. These results provide some evidence thatbenefit schedules that provide financial incentives to work can have significant effectsin getting single moms back to work, even in the presence of very young children.
Labour, Public, Development and Health Economics
single mothers
labor supply
welfare benefits
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