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Measurement and explanation of socioeconomic inequality in health with longitudinal data
Jones, Andrew M.; López, Ángel
Universitat Pompeu Fabra. Departament d'Economia i Empresa
This paper presents a method for the measurement of changes in health inequality and income-related health inequality over time in a population.For pure health inequality (as measured by the Gini coefficient) andincome-related health inequality (as measured by the concentration index),we show how measures derived from longitudinal data can be related tocross section Gini and concentration indices that have been typicallyreported in the literature to date, along with measures of health mobilityinspired by the literature on income mobility. We also show how thesemeasures of mobility can be usefully decomposed into the contributions ofdifferent covariates. We apply these methods to investigate the degree ofincome-related mobility in the GHQ measure of psychological well-being inthe first nine waves of the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS). Thisreveals that dynamics increase the absolute value of the concentrationindex of GHQ on income by 10%.
15-09-2005
Labour, Public, Development and Health Economics
health inequalities
mobility
gini and concentration indices
mental health
bhps
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