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Are changes in education important for the wage premium and unemployment?;
Skill bias and employment frictions in the US labor market 1970-90
Cuadras Morató, Xavier; Mateos Planas, Xavier
Universitat Pompeu Fabra. Departament d'Economia i Empresa
A generalized rise in unemployment rates for both college and high-schoolgraduates, a widening education wage premium, and a sharp increase incollege education participation are characteristic features of thetransformations of the U.S. labor market between 1970 and 1990. This paperinvestigates the interactions between these changes in the labor marketand in educational attainment. First, it develops an equilibrium searchand matching model of the labor market where education is endogenouslydetermined. Second, calibrated versions of the model are used to studyquantitatively whether either a skill-biased change in technology or amismatch shock can explain the above facts. The skill-biased shock accountsfor a considerable part of the changes but fails to produce the increasein unemployment for the educated labor force. The mismatch shock explainsinstead much of the change in the four variables, including the wage premium.
Macroeconomics and International Economics
Labour, Public, Development and Health Economics
wage premium
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