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Trade and productivity
Alcalá, Francisco; Ciccone, Antonio
Universitat Pompeu Fabra. Departament d'Economia i Empresa
We estimate the effect of international trade on average laborproductivity at the country level. Our empirical approach relies onsummary measures of trade that, we argue, are preferable on boththeoretical and empirical grounds to the one conventionally used. Incontrast to the marginally significant and non-robust effects of tradeon productivity found previously, our estimates are highly significantand robust even when we include institutional quality and geographicfactors in the empirical analysis. We also examine the channels throughwhich trade and institutional quality affect average labor productivity.Our finding is that trade works through labor efficiency, whileinstitutional quality works through physical and human capitalaccumulation. We conclude with an exploratory analysis of the role oftrade policies for average labor productivity.
Macroeconomics and International Economics
institutions trade policy
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