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Input chains and industrialization
Ciccone, Antonio
Universitat Pompeu Fabra. Departament d'Economia i Empresa
A key aspect of industrialization is theadoption of increasing-returns-to-scale, industrial,technologies. Two other, well-documented aspects arethat industrial technologies are adopted throughoutintermediate-input chains and that they use intermediateinputs intensively relative to the technologies theyreplace. These features of industrial technologiescombined imply that countries with access to similartechnologies may have very different levels ofindustrialization and income, even if the degree ofincreasing returns to scale at the firm level is relativelysmall. Furthermore, a small improvement in theproductivity of industrial technologies can trigger full-scaleindustrialization and a large increase in income.
Macroeconomics and International Economics
intermediate inputs
input chains
aggregate-income differences
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