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Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)(2)
Pujol Baigés, Maria Cinta; Bursukova, M.; Güell Vilà, Frank; Mateos Ferré, Xavier; Solé i Cartañá, Rosa Ma.; Gavaldà, Josefina; Aguiló Díaz, Magdalena; Massons, Jaume; Díaz, Francesc (Díaz González); Klopp, P.; Griebner, Uwe; Petrov, Valentin
Universitat de Barcelona
We present our recent achievements in the growing and optical characterization of KYb(WO4)2 (hereafter KYbW) crystals and demonstrate laser operation in this stoichiometric material. Single crystals of KYbW with optimal crystalline quality have been grown by the top-seeded-solution growth slow-cooling method. The optical anisotropy of this monoclinic crystal has been characterized, locating the tensor of the optical indicatrix and measuring the dispersion of the principal values of the refractive indices as well as the thermo-optic coefficients. Sellmeier equations have been constructed valid in the visible and near-IR spectral range. Raman scattering has been used to determine the phonon energies of KYbW and a simple physical model is applied for classification of the lattice vibration modes. Spectroscopic studies (absorption and emission measurements at room and low temperature) have been carried out in the spectral region near 1 µm characteristic for the ytterbium transition. Energy positions of the Stark sublevels of the ground and the excited state manifolds have been determined and the vibronic substructure has been identified. The intrinsic lifetime of the upper laser level has been measured taking care to suppress the effect of reabsorption and the intrinsic quantum efficiency has been estimated. Lasing has been demonstrated near 1074 nm with 41% slope efficiency at room temperature using a 0.5 mm thin plate of KYbW. This laser material holds great promise for diode pumped high-power lasers, thin disk and waveguide designs as well as for ultrashort (ps/fs) pulse laser systems.
2010-05-04
Matèria condensada
Propietats òptiques
Optical properties
Condensed matter
Materials science
(c) The American Physical Society, 2002
Article
The American Physical Society
         

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