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Increasing political returns and rural-urban migrations
Sánchez, Gabriel
Universitat Pompeu Fabra. Departament d'Economia i Empresa
This paper analyzes the different equilibria in rural-urban migrationsand political redistribution that result from the interaction betweenincreasing political returns, the distribution of land, and creditmarket imperfections. Governments that put a special weight on thewelfare of urban workers when setting agricultural prices generate apolitical externality in the urban sector, giving peasants anincentive to migrate in anticipation of policy determination. Ifcredit markets are imperfect, land ownership confers higherproductivity to peasants, who require large price changes to migrate.In this context, land inequality would lead to large migrations and tolarge policy change, while an egalitarian land distribution would leadto no migration and to a small policy change. This interaction shedslight on the contrasting experience of Latin America and East Asia atthe outset of World War II.
Macroeconomics and International Economics
endogenous trade policies
political externality
multiple equilibria
land distribution
rural-urban migration
east asia
latin america
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