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Theorizing institutional changes: understanding decentralization and federalization in Brazil, Spain and South Africa
Ferreira do Vale, Helder
Universitat Pompeu Fabra. Departament de Ciències Polítiques i Socials; Universitat Pompeu Fabra. Grup de Recerca en Teoria Política
In light of the existing theories about institutional change, this paper seeks to advance a common framework to understand the unfolding of decentralization and federalization in three countries: Brazil, Spain, and South Africa. Although in different continents, these three countries witnessed processes after their respective transitions to democracy that transferred administrative and fiscal authority to their regions (decentralization) and vertically distributed political and institutional capacity (federalization). This paper attempts to explain how institutional changes prompted a shift of power and authority towards regional governments by looking at internal sources of change within the intergovernmental arena in the three countries. This analysis is organized around two propositions: that once countries transit to democracy under all-encompassing constitutions there are high incentives for institutional change, and that under a bargained intergovernmental interaction among political actors subnational political elites are able to advance their interests incrementally. In short, through a common framework this paper will explain the evolving dynamics of intergovernmental dynamics in three countries.
Descentralització administrativa -- Brasil
Descentralització administrativa -- Espanya
Descentralització administrativa -- Sud-àfrica
Federalisme -- Brasil
Federalisme -- Espanya
Federalisme -- Sud-àfrica
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