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Testing I(1) against I(d) alternatives in the presence of deteministic components
Dolado, Juan J.; Gonzalo, Jesús; Mayoral, Laura
Universitat Pompeu Fabra. Departament d'Economia i Empresa
This paper discusses the role of deterministic components in the DGP and in the auxiliaryregression model which underlies the implementation of the Fractional Dickey-Fuller (FDF) test for I(1) against I(d) processes with d [0, 1). This is an important test in many economic applications because I(d) processess with d < 1 are mean-reverting although, when 0.5 = d < 1, like I(1) processes, they are nonstationary. We show how simple is the implementation of the FDF in these situations, and argue that it has better properties than LM tests. A simple testing strategy entailing only asymptotically normally distributedtests is also proposed. Finally, an empirical application is provided where the FDF test allowing for deterministic components is used to test for long-memory in the per capita GDP of several OECD countries, an issue that has important consequences to discriminate between growth theories, and on which there is some controversy.
Operations Management
deterministic components
dickey-fuller test
fractionally dickey-fuller test
fractional processes
long memory
unit roots
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