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Trade liberalization in Uruguay: Domestic and foreign firms
Garcia Fontes, Walter; Tansini, Ruben; Vaillant, Marcel
Universitat Pompeu Fabra. Departament d'Economia i Empresa
The reallocation of resources is one of the main impacts of tradeliberalization processes. In the case of manufacturing industries resourceswill be reallocated from import--competing sectors to export--orientedsectors. This paper studies the effects that a more open economic environmenthas had on the entry conditions for foreign and domestic firms in Uruguayanmanufacturing industries. We find significant differences in the behaviorof foreign and domestic firms, both when they are incumbents or when theyact as potential entrants. In general, foreign firms seem to be moresuccessful in applying entry deterring strategies, due to advantages inforeign markets, deeper financial resources or better technological capabilities.They also appear to be more responsive to entry conditions when theyface the prospects of entering a given industry.
Labour, Public, Development and Health Economics
production and market structure
industry studies
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