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Enhancing degradation of emerging organic compounds in managed aquifer recharge systems by means of chaotic advection
Solé Marí, Guillem
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Enginyeria del Terreny, Cartogràfica i Geofísica; Fernández García, Daniel; Rodríguez Escales, Paula-Felicidad
Water used in Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR) systems can contain organic micropollutants, which can contaminate the aquifer. The degradation rates of many of these compounds can be enhanced by cometabolism linked to redox processes. Previous studies have shown that the addition of Dissolved Organic Carbon (DOC) into the recharge flow enhances micropollutant degradation rates by promoting redox reactions. With the aim of improving the reactivity of the system by enhancing mixing between the recharge solution and groundwater, an Engineered Injection and Extraction protocol has been proposed and numerically optimized to generate chaotic advection around the recharge area. As a second goal of the project, a laboratory experiment to test a reducedscale version of the system has been designed. The results show that the optimal stirring protocol depends on the hydraulics and chemistry of the aquifer and the MAR system. For the specific configuration of the laboratory experiment, several stirring protocols displayed close to optimal performance according to the optimization results. Four of them were tested in a conservative transport numerical model. For all of them, results show a dramatic increase in mixing. This suggests that this kind of EIE systems have a potential to enhance micropollutant degradation in MAR systems when combined with DOC addition to the recharge solution.
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria civil::Enginyeria hidràulica, marítima i sanitària
Water -- Dissolved oxygen
Aquifers
Groundwater
Managed Aquifer Recharge
Micropollutants
Engineered Injection and Extraction
Chaotic Advection
Rotated Potential Mixing
Optimization
Laboratory Experiment
Aigua -- Oxigen dissolt
Aqüífers
info:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesis
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
         

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Solé Marí, Guillem; Fernández García, Daniel; Rodríguez Escales, Paula-Felicidad; Sánchez Vila, Francisco Javier