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Model- vs. data-based approaches applied to fault diagnosis in potable water supply networks
Cugueró, Miquel Àngel; Quevedo Casín, Joseba Jokin; Alippi, Cesare; Roveri, Manuel; Puig Cayuela, Vicenç; García Valverde, Diego; Trovò, F
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Enginyeria de Sistemes, Automàtica i Informàtica Industrial; Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. SAC - Sistemes Avançats de Control; Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. SIC - Sistemes Intel·ligents de Control
In this paper, the problem of fault diagnosis in drinking water transport networks (DWTNs) is addressed. Two different fault diagnosis approaches are proposed to deal with this problem. The first one is based on a model-based approach exploiting a-priori information regarding physical/temporal relations existing between the measured variables in the monitored system, providing fault detection and isolation capabilities by means of the residuals generated using these measured variables and their estimations. This a-priori information is provided by the topology and the physical relations between the elements constituting the system, which is used by design in order to derive fault diagnosis. Differently, the second approach does not require the physical a-priori information of the network to operate. It relies on a data-driven solution meant to exploit the spatial and temporal relationships present in the acquired data streams to detect and isolate faults. Relationships between data streams are modelled through sequences of linear dynamic time-invariant models whose estimated coefficients are used to feed a Hidden Markov Model (HMM). When the pattern of estimated coefficients cannot be explained by the trained HMM, a change is detected. Afterwards, a cognitive method based on a functional graph representation of the system isolates the fault. Finally, a performance comparison between these two approaches is carried out using a part of the Barcelona water transport network.
Peer Reviewed
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Informàtica::Automàtica i control
Markov processes
Drinking water
cognitive systems
critical infrastructure systems
fault isolation
hidden Markov models
model-based fault diagnosis
time series
Markov, Processos de
Aigua potable

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