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Single-molecule kinetics and footprinting of DNA bis-intercalation: the paradigmatic case of Thiocoraline
Camuñas i Soler, Joan; Mañosas Castejón, María; Frutos, Silvia; Albericio Palomera, Fernando; Ritort Farran, Fèlix; Tulla-Puche, Judit
Universitat de Barcelona
DNA bis-intercalators are widely used in molecular biology with applications ranging from DNA imaging to anticancer pharmacology. Two fundamental aspects of these ligands are the lifetime of the bisintercalated complexes and their sequence selectivity. Here, we perform single-molecule optical tweezers experiments with the peptide Thiocoraline showing, for the first time, that bis-intercalation is driven by a very slow off-rate that steeply decreases with applied force. This feature reveals the existence of a long-lived (minutes) mono-intercalated intermediate that contributes to the extremely long lifetime of the complex (hours). We further exploit this particularly slow kinetics to determine the thermodynamics of binding and persistence length of bis-intercalated DNA for a given fraction of bound ligand, a measurement inaccessible in previous studies of faster intercalating agents. We also develop a novel singlemolecule footprinting technique based on DNA unzipping and determine the preferred binding sites of Thiocoraline with one base-pair resolution. This fast and radiolabelling-free footprinting technique provides direct access to the binding sites of small ligands to nucleic acids without the need of cleavage agents. Overall, our results provide new insights into the binding pathway of bis-intercalators and the reported selectivity might be of relevance for this and other anticancer drugs interfering with DNA replication and transcription in carcinogenic cell lines.
Lligands (Bioquímica)
Aminoàcids
ADN
Ligands (Biochemistry)
Amino acids
DNA
cc-by-nc (c) Camuñas i Soler, Joan et al., 2015
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/es
Article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Oxford University Press
         

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