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Transcriptomic and genetic studies identify NFAT5 as a candidate gene for cocaine dependence
Fernàndez-Castillo, N.; Cabana-Domínguez, J.; Soriano i Fradera, Jordi; Sànchez-Mora, C.; Roncero, C.; Grau-López, L.; Ros-Cucurull, E.; Daigre, C.; van Donkelaar, M.M.J.; Franke, B.; Casas, M.; Ribasés, M.; Cormand Rifà, Bru
Universitat de Barcelona
Cocaine reward and reinforcing effects are mediated mainly by dopaminergic neurotransmission. In this study, we aimed at evaluating gene expression changes induced by acute cocaine exposure on SH-SY5Y-differentiated cells, which have been widely used as a dopaminergic neuronal model. Expression changes and a concomitant increase in neuronal activity were observed after a 5 μM cocaine exposure, whereas no changes in gene expression or in neuronal activity took place at 1 μM cocaine. Changes in gene expression were identified in a total of 756 genes, mainly related to regulation of transcription and gene expression, cell cycle, adhesion and cell projection, as well as mitogen-activeated protein kinase (MAPK), CREB, neurotrophin and neuregulin signaling pathways. Some genes displaying altered expression were subsequently targeted with predicted functional single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in a case-control association study in a sample of 806 cocaine-dependent patients and 817 controls. This study highlighted associations between cocaine dependence and five SNPs predicted to alter microRNA binding at the 3′-untranslated region of the NFAT5 gene. The association of SNP rs1437134 with cocaine dependence survived the Bonferroni correction for multiple testing. A functional effect was confirmed for this variant by a luciferase reporter assay, with lower expression observed for the rs1437134G allele, which was more pronounced in the presence of hsa-miR-509. However, brain volumes in regions of relevance to addiction, as assessed with magnetic resonance imaging, did not correlate with NFAT5 variation. These results suggest that the NFAT5 gene, which is upregulated a few hours after cocaine exposure, may be involved in the genetic predisposition to cocaine dependence.
Expressió gènica
Proteïnes quinases
Gene expression
Protein kinases
cc-by-nc-nd (c) Fernàndez-Castillo, N. et al., 2015
Nature Publishing Group

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