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Role of Engrailed-2 (EN2) as a prostate cancer detection biomarker in genetically high risk men
Killick, Emma; Morgan, Richard; Launchbury, Francesca; Bancroft, Elizabeth; Page, Elizabeth; Castro, Elena; Kote-Jarai, Zsofia; Aprikian, Armen; Blanco Guillermo, Ignacio; Clowes, Virginia; Domchek, Susan M.; Douglas, Fiona; Eccles, Diana; Evans, D. Gareth; Harris, Marion; Kirk, Judy; Lam, Jimmy; Lindeman, Geoffrey J.; Mitchell, Gillian; Pachter, Nicholas; Selkirk, Christina; Tucker, Kathy; Zgajnar, Janaz; Eeles, Rosalind; Pandha, Hardev
Controversy surrounds the use of PSA as a biomarker for prostate cancer detection, leaving an unmet need for a novel biomarker in this setting; urinary EN2 may identify individuals with clinically relevant prostate cancer. Male BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers are at increased risk of clinically significant prostate cancer and may benefit from screening. Urine samples from 413 BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers and controls were evaluated. Subjects underwent annual PSA screening with diagnostic biopsy triggered by PSA > 3.0 ng/ml; 21 men were diagnosed with prostate cancer. Urinary EN2 levels were measured by ELISA and had a sensitivity of 66.7% and specificity of 89.3% for cancer detection. There was no statistically significant difference in EN2 levels according to genetic status or Gleason score. Urinary EN2 may be useful as a non-invasive early biomarker for prostate cancer detection in genetically high-risk individuals.
Càncer de pròstata
Factors de risc en les malalties
Marcadors tumorals
Antigen específic de la pròstata
Prostate cancer
Risk factors in diseases
Tumor markers
Prostate-specific antigen
cc-by-nc-nd (c) Killick, Emma et al., 2013
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es
Article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Nature Publishing Group
         

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