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Attitudes do matter: The role of attitudes and personality in DUI offenders
Jornet-Gibert, Montsant; Gallardo-Pujol, David; Suso, C.; Andrés Pueyo, Antonio
Universitat de Barcelona
Several studies have related personality variables with antisocial behavior. Among antisocial behaviors, driving under the influence (DUI) has received growing attention in recent years, particularly in relation to the role of personality. However, it has been shown that personality alone is not sufficient to accurately predict DUI. As a result, there is growing interest in identifying other types of individual differences that might predict this behavior better, such as attitudinal variables. The aim of this study was to examine differences in personality dimensions and attitudes between a group of DUI offenders and a comparison group. Ninety-eight subjects were assessed: 51 subjects who had been convicted of a DUI offense following a diversion program, and 47 drivers without criminal records. Personality was measured with the NEO-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) and antisocial attitudes were assessed with the Jesness Inventory-Revised. Results indicated that offenders were more prone to show antisocial attitudes (p < .001) than comparisons. In terms of personality, there were no significant differences between the two groups. These findings suggest that attitudes may be useful predictors of DUI and should be taken into account in interventions designed to avoid recidivism.
Trastorns de la personalitat antisocial
Conducció de vehicles de motor
Consum d'alcohol
Antisocial personality disorders
Motor vehicle driving
Drinking of alcoholic beverages
, 2012
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