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Comparison of the gut microbiota from soldier and worker castes of the termite Reticulitermes grassei
Berlanga Herranz, Mercedes; Paster, B.J.; Grandcolas, P.; Guerrero, Ricardo, 1943-
Universitat de Barcelona
The bacterial microbiota from the whole gut of soldier and worker castes of the termite Reticulitermes grassei was isolated and studied. In addition, the 16S rDNA bacterial genes from gut DNA were PCR-amplified using Bacteria-selective primers, and the 16S rDNA amplicons subsequently cloned into Escherichia coli. Sequences of the cloned inserts were then used to determine closest relatives by comparison with published sequences and with sequences from our previous work. The clones were found to be affiliated with the phyla Spirochaetes, Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, Actinobacteria, Synergistetes, Verrucomicrobia, and candidate phyla Termite Group 1 (TG1) and Termite Group 2 (TG2). No significant differences were observed with respect to the relative bacterial abundances between soldier and worker phylotypes. The phylotypes obtained in this study were compared with reported sequences from other termites, especially those of phylotypes related to Spirochaetes, Wolbachia (an Alphaproteobacteria), Actinobacteria, and TG1. Many of the clone phylotypes detected in soldiers grouped with those of workers. Moreover, clones CRgS91 (soldiers) and CRgW68 (workers), both affiliated with"Endomicrobia", were the same phylotype. Soldiers and workers also seemed to have similar relative protist abundances. Heterotrophic, poly-β-hydroxyalkanoate-accumulating bacteria were isolated from the gut of soldiers and shown to be affiliated with Actinobacteria and Gammaproteobacteria. We noted that Wolbachia was detected in soldiers but not in workers. Overall, the maintenance by soldiers and workers of comparable axial and radial redox gradients in the gut is consistent with the similarities in the prokaryotes and protists comprising their microbiota.
Microbiologia
Bacteris
Malalties bacterianes
Agents antiinfecciosos
Tèrmits
Microbiology
Bacteria
Bacterial diseases
Anti-infective agents
Termites
cc-by-nc-sa (c) Spanish Society for Microbiology (SEM) and Viguera Editores SL, 2011
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/es
Artículo
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Spanish Society for Microbiology (SEM) and Viguera Editores SL
         

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