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Circumsolar energetic particle distribution on 2011 November 3
Gómez-Herrero, R.; Dresing, N.; Klassen, A.; Heber, B.; Lario, D.; Àgueda Costafreda, Neus; Malandraki, O.E.; Blanco, J.J.; Rodríguez-Pacheco, J.; Banjac, S.
Universitat de Barcelona
Late on 2011 November 3, STEREO-A, STEREO-B, MESSENGER, and near-Earth spacecraft observed an energetic particle flux enhancement. Based on the analysis of in situ plasma and particle observations, their correlation with remote sensing observations, and an interplanetary transport model, we conclude that the particle increases observed at multiple locations had a common single source active region and the energetic particles filled a very broad region around the Sun. The active region was located at the solar backside (as seen from Earth) and was the source of a large flare, a fast and wide coronal mass ejection, and an EIT wave, accompanied by type II and type III radio-emission. In contrast to previous solar energetic particle events showing broad longitudinal spread, this event showed clear particle anisotropies at three widely separated observation points at 1AU, suggesting direct particle injection close to the magnetic footpoint of each spacecraft, lasting for several hours.We discuss these observations and the possible scenarios explaining the extremely broad particle spread for this event.
Activitat solar
Corona solar
Solar activity
Solar corona
(c) American Astronomical Society, 2015
Institute of Physics (IOP)

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