Utilizad este identificador para citar o enlazar este documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2072/261942

Chest physiotherapy for acute bronchiolitis in paediatric patients between 0 and 24 months old (Review)
Roqué Fíguls, Marta; Giné-Garriga, Maria; Granados Rugeles, Claudia; Perrotta, Carla; Vilaró, Jordi
Universitat Ramon Llull. Facultat de Psicologia, Ciències de l'Educació i de l'Esport Blanquerna
Background This Cochrane review was first published in 2005 and updated in 2007, 2012 and now 2015. Acute bronchiolitis is the leading cause of medical emergencies during winter in children younger than two years of age. Chest physiotherapy is sometimes used to assist infants in the clearance of secretions in order to decrease ventilatory effort. Objectives To determine the efficacy of chest physiotherapy in infants aged less than 24 months old with acute bronchiolitis. A secondary objective was to determine the efficacy of different techniques of chest physiotherapy (for example, vibration and percussion and passive forced exhalation). Search methods We searched CENTRAL (2015, Issue 9) (accessed 8 July 2015), MEDLINE (1966 to July 2015), MEDLINE in-process and other non-indexed citations (July 2015), EMBASE (1990 to July 2015), CINAHL (1982 to July 2015), LILACS (1985 to July 2015), Web of Science (1985 to July 2015) and Pedro (1929 to July 2015). Selection criteria Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in which chest physiotherapy was compared against no intervention or against another type of physiotherapy in bronchiolitis patients younger than 24 months of age. Data collection and analysis Two review authors independently extracted data. Primary outcomes were change in the severity status of bronchiolitis and time to recovery. Secondary outcomes were respiratory parameters, duration of oxygen supplementation, length of hospital stay, use of bronchodilators and steroids, adverse events and parents’ impression of physiotherapy benefit. No pooling of data was possible.
616.2 - Patologia de l'aparell respiratori
Fisioteràpia per a infants
Aparell respiratori -- Malalties -- Fisioteràpia
Infants nadons
© 2016 The Cochrane Collaboration.
55 p.
DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004873.pub5.
John Wiley & Sons
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2016, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD004873.

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