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Uncertainty analysis of soil moisture and vegetation indices using aquarius scatterometer observations
McColl, Kaighin Alexander; Entekhabi, Dara; Piles Guillem, Maria
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament de Teoria del Senyal i Comunicacions
Simple functions of radar backscatter coefficients have been proposed as indices of soil moisture and vegetation, such as the radar vegetation index, i.e., RVI, and the soil saturation index, i.e., m(s). These indices are ratios of noisy and potentially miscalibrated radar measurements and are therefore particularly susceptible to estimation errors. In this study, we consider uncertainty in satellite estimates of RVI and m(s) arising from two radar error sources: noise and miscalibration. We derive expressions for the variance and bias in estimates of RVI and m(s) due to noise. We also derive expressions for the sensitivity of RVI and m(s) to calibration errors. We use one year (September 1, 2011 to August 31, 2012) of Aquarius scatterometer observations at three polarizations (sigma(HH), sigma(VV), and sigma(HV)) to map predicted error estimates globally, using parameters relevant to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Soil Moisture Active and Passive satellite mission. We find that RVI is particularly vulnerable to errors in the calibration offset term over lightly vegetated regions, resulting in overestimates of RVI in some arid regions. m(s) is most sensitive to calibration errors over regions where the dynamic range of the backscatter coefficient is small, including deserts and forests. Noise induces biases in both indices, but they are negligible in both cases; however, it also induces variance, which is large for highly vegetated regions (for RVI) and areas with low dynamic range in backscatter values (for m(s)). We find that, with appropriate temporal and spatial averaging, noise errors in both indices can be reduced to acceptable levels. Areas sensitive to calibration errors will require masking.
Peer Reviewed
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria de la telecomunicació::Radiocomunicació i exploració electromagnètica::Teledetecció
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria de la telecomunicació::Radiocomunicació i exploració electromagnètica::Circuits de microones, radiofreqüència i ones mil·limètriques
Microwave remote sensing
Soil moisture--Measurement
Microwave remote sensing
Radar vegetation index (RVI)
Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP)
Soil moisture
Soil saturation index
Uncertainty analysis
ERS Scatterometer
Polarimetric SAR
Microones -- Detectors
Sòls -- Humitat -- Mesurament
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

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