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Detection of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae type B by real-time PCR from dried blood spot samples among children with pneumonia: a useful approach for developing countries
Selva Jové, Laura; Benmessaoud, Rachid; Lanaspa, Miguel; Jroundi, Imane; Moraleda, Cinta; Acácio, Sozinho; Iñigo, Melania; Bastiani, Alien; Monsonis, Manuel; Pallarés Giner, Roman; Bassat Orellana, Quique; Muñoz-Almagro, Carmen
Universitat de Barcelona
Background: Dried blood spot (DBS) is a reliable blood collection method for storing samples at room temperature and easily transporting them. We have previously validated a Real-Time PCR for detection of Streptococcus pneumoniae in DBS. The objective of this study was to apply this methodology for the diagnosis of S. pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae b (Hib) in DBS samples of children with pneumonia admitted to two hospitals in Mozambique and Morocco. Methods: Ply and wzg genes of S. pneumoniae and bexA gene of Hib, were used as targets of Real-Time PCR. 329 DBS samples of children hospitalized with clinical diagnosis of pneumonia were tested. Results: Real-Time PCR in DBS allowed for a significant increase in microbiological diagnosis of S. pneumoniae and Hib. When performing blood bacterial culture, only ten isolates of S. pneumoniae and none of Hib were detected (3·0% positivity rate, IC95% 1·4-5·5%). Real-Time PCR from DBS samples increased the detection yield by 4x fold, as 30 S. pneumoniae and 11 Hib cases were detected (12·4% positivity rate, IC95% 9·0-16·5%; P<0·001). Conclusion: Real-Time PCR applied in DBS may be a valuable tool for improving diagnosis and surveillance of pneumonia caused by S. pneumoniae or Hib in developing countries.
Bacteris patògens
Reacció en cadena de la polimerasa
Pneumònia
Infants
Pneumococs
Pathogenic bacteria
Polymerase chain reaction
Pneumonia
Children
Streptococcus pneumonia
cc-by (c) Selva Jové, Laura et al., 2013
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es
Article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Public Library of Science (PLoS)
         

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