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Impact of volcanic stratospheric aerosols on diurnal temperature range in Europe over the past 200 years: Observations versus model simulations
Auchmann, Renate; Arfeuille, Florian; Wegmann, Martin; Franke, Joerg; Barriendos, Mariano; Prohom, Marc; Sánchez Lorenzo, Arturo; Bhend, Jonas; Wild, Martin; Folini, Doris; Stepanek, Petr; Broennimann, Stefan
We analyze the impact of stratospheric volcanic aerosols on the diurnal temperature range (DTR) over Europe using long-term subdaily station records. We compare the results with a 28-member ensemble of European Centre/Hamburg version 5.4 (ECHAM5.4) general circulation model simulations. Eight stratospheric volcanic eruptions during the instrumental period are investigated. Seasonal all- and clear-sky DTR anomalies are compared with contemporary (approximately 20year) reference periods. Clear sky is used to eliminate cloud effects and better estimate the signal from the direct radiative forcing of the volcanic aerosols. We do not find a consistent effect of stratospheric aerosols on all-sky DTR. For clear skies, we find average DTR anomalies of -0.08 degrees C (-0.13 degrees C) in the observations (in the model), with the largest effect in the second winter after the eruption. Although the clear-sky DTR anomalies from different stations, volcanic eruptions, and seasons show heterogeneous signals in terms of order of magnitude and sign, the significantly negative DTR anomalies (e.g., after the Tambora eruption) are qualitatively consistent with other studies. Referencing with clear-sky DTR anomalies to the radiative forcing from stratospheric volcanic eruptions, we find the resulting sensitivity to be of the same order of magnitude as previously published estimates for tropospheric aerosols during the so-called global dimming period (i.e., 1950s to 1980s). Analyzing cloud cover changes after volcanic eruptions reveals an increase in clear-sky days in both data sets. Quantifying the impact of stratospheric volcanic eruptions on clear-sky DTR over Europe provides valuable information for the study of the radiative effect of stratospheric aerosols and for geo-engineering purposes
This work is supported by the National Centre for Competence in Research (NCCR)-Climate program of the Swiss National Foundation (PALVAREX project) and under grant CRSI122-130642 (FUPSOL). MeteoSwiss is acknowledged for provision of data. We acknowledge the Catalan Meteorological Office (SMC, Barcelona, Spain) for providing funding support for the digitization of the Barcelona meteorological data series from 1780 to 2012. Computing facilities and time (for the paleosimulation with ECHAM5.4) were provided by the Swiss National Supercomputing Centre (CSCS). A. S. L. was supported by a postd-octoral fellowship from the government of Catalonia (2011 BP-B) and the project NUCLIERSOL (CGL2010-18546)
Radiació solar
Solar radiation
Temperatura atmosfèrica
Atmospheric temperature
Vulcanisme i clima
Volcanism and climate
Climatologia
Climatology
Tots els drets reservats
Artículo
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
American Geophysical Union (AGU)
         

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