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Task Trade and its determinants in Spain: a national and regional analysis
García-Sanchis, José Ramón; Manca, Fabio; Suriñach Caralt, Jordi
Globalisation and technological advances have made possible to offshore specific productive tasks (that do not require physical proximity to the actual location of the work unit) to foreign countries where these are usually performed at lower costs. We analyse the effect of task trade (i.e. task offshorability) on Spanish regional and national employment levels correlating a newly built index of task-delocalisation index to key variables such as the region’s wealth, the worker’s age and level of education, the importance of the service sector and the technological level of the economic activities undertaken in that particular geographical area. We conclude that approximately 25 per cent of Spanish occupations are potentially affected by task trade / offshoring and that this is likely to benefit Spanish economy (and the performance of specific regions, categories of workers and sectors) being Spain a potential recipient of tasks offshored from abroad. Also we obtain that Spain’s trade in tasks correlates strongly with the above variables, presenting significant regional differences.
Subcontractació deslocalitzada
Contractació externa
Empreses
Recursos humans
Desenvolupament econòmic
Offshore outsourcing
Contracting out
Enterprises
Human capital
Economic development
cc-by-nc-nd, (c) García-Sanchis et al., 2014
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/
Working Paper
Universitat de Barcelona. Institut de Recerca en Economia Aplicada Regional i Pública
         

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