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Clinical and molecular epidemiology of haemophilus influenzae causing invasive disease in adult patients
Puig Pitarch, Carmen; Grau, Immaculada; Martí Martí, Sara; Tubau, Fe; Calatayud, Laura; Pallarés Giner, Roman; Liñares Louzao, Josefina; Ardanuy Tisaire, María Carmen
Universitat de Barcelona
Objectives The epidemiology of invasive Haemophilus influenzae (Hi) has changed since the introduction of the Hi type b (Hib) vaccine. The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical and molecular epidemiology of Hi invasive disease in adults. Methods Clinical data of the 82 patients with Hi invasive infections were analyzed. Antimicrobial susceptibility, serotyping, and genotyping were studied (2008
2013). Results Men accounted for 63.4% of patients (whose mean age was 64.3 years). The most frequent comorbidities were immunosuppressive therapy (34.1%), malignancy (31.7%), diabetes, and COPD (both 22%). The 30-day mortality rate was 20.7%. The majority of the strains (84.3%) were nontypeable (NTHi) and serotype f was the most prevalent serotype in the capsulated strains. The highest antimicrobial resistance was for cotrimoxazole (27.1%) and ampicillin (14.3%). Twenty-three isolates (32.9%) had amino acid changes in the PBP3 involved in resistance. Capsulated strains were clonal and belonged to clonal complexes 6 (serotype b), 124 (serotype f), and 18 (serotype e), whereas NTHi were genetically diverse. Conclusions Invasive Hi disease occurred mainly in elderly and those with underlying conditions, and it was associated with a high mortality rate. NTHi were the most common cause of invasive disease and showed high genetic diversity.
Epidemiologia molecular
Malalties de l'aparell respiratori
Molecular epidemiology
Respiratory diseases
cc-by (c) Puig Pitarch, Carmen et al., 2014
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es
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info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Public Library of Science (PLoS)
         

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