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Evaluation of the Impact of Bus Rapid Transit on Air Pollution
Bel i Queralt, Germà, 1963-; Holst, Maximilian
Mexico City’s bus rapid transit (BRT) network, Metrobus, was introduced in an attempt to reduce congestion, increase city transport efficiency and cut air polluting emissions. In June 2005, the first BRT line in the metropolitan area began service. We use differences-in-differences and quantile regression techniques in undertaking the first quantitative policy impact assessment of the BRT system on air polluting emissions. The air pollutants considered are carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOX), particulate matter of less than 2.5 μm (PM 2.5), particulate matter of less than 10 μm (PM10), and sulfur dioxide (SO2). The ex-post analysis uses real field data from air quality monitoring stations for periods before and after BRT implementation. Results show that BRT constitutes an effective environmental policy, reducing emissions of CO, NOX, PM2.5 and PM10.
Infraestructures (Transport)
Medi ambient
Política ambiental
Contaminació atmosfèrica
Transportation buildings
Environment
Environmental policy
Atmospheric pollution
cc-by-nc-nd, (c) Bel i Queralt et al., 2015
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/
Documento de trabajo
Universitat de Barcelona. Institut de Recerca en Economia Aplicada Regional i Pública
         

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