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Oropharyngeal colonization by nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae among healthy children attending day care centers
Puig Pitarch, Carmen; Martí Martí, Sara; Fleites, Ana; Trabazo, Rafael; Calatayud, Laura; Liñares Louzao, Josefina; Ardanuy Tisaire, María Carmen
Universitat de Barcelona
Haemophilus influenzae colonizes the upper respiratory tract and can spread causing otitis and sinusitis. This work aimed to study the oropharyngeal carriage rate in healthy <5-year-old children attending day care centers in Oviedo, Spain in two consecutive years (January to March 2004-2005). The carriage rate was 42% (400/960) and highly variable among centers (range, 12% to 83%). Isolates were mainly identified as nontypeable H. influenzae (NTHi, 99%). Epidemiologically, 127 different genotypes were identified by PFGE with a minimum of two genotypes per center. One hundred fourteen children (12%) were included in both studies and none of them harbored the same strain over a period of time. The isolates only showed resistance to cotrimoxazol and ampicillin, presenting a shift in the level of ampicillin reduced susceptibility, showing a predominance of PBP3 mutations in 2004 and a predominance of β-lactamase production in 2005. This study proved the great genetic variability of NTHi isolates that present similar genotypic patterns in both years with no long-term carriage of the same strain.
Infeccions en els infants
Malalties dels infants
Bacils
Faringe
Escoles bressol
Infection in children
Children's diseases
Bacillus (Bacteria)
Pharynx
Kindergarten
(c) Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., 2014
Article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
         

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