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Ralstonia solanacearum, a widespread bacterial plant pathogen in the post-genomic era
Peeters, Nemo; Guidot, Alice; Vailleau, Fabienne; Valls i Matheu, Marc
Universitat de Barcelona
Ralstonia solanacearum is a soil-borne bacterium causing the widespread disease known as bacterial wilt. Ralstonia solanacearum is also the causal agent of Moko disease of banana and brown rot of potato. Since the last R. solanacearum pathogen profile was published 10 years ago, studies concerning this plant pathogen have taken a genomic and post-genomic direction. This was pioneered by the first sequenced and annotated genome for a major plant bacterial pathogen and followed by many more genomes in subsequent years. All molecular features studied now have a genomic flavour. In the future, this will help in connecting the classical field of pathology and diversity studies with the gene content of specific strains. In this review, we summarize the recent research on this bacterial pathogen, including strain classification, host range, pathogenicity determinants, regulation of virulence genes, type III effector repertoire, effector-triggered immunity, plant signalling in response to R. solanacearum, as well as a review of different new pathosystems.
Bacteris fitopatògens
Patologia vegetal
Phytopatogenic bacteria
Plant pathology
(c) BSPP and John Wiley & Sons, 2013
John Wiley & Sons

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