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Evaluation of Laplacian diaphragm electromyographic recordings in a static inspiratory maneuver
Estrada, Luis; Torres Cebrián, Abel; Garcia Casado, Javier; Ye-Lin, Y.; Jané Campos, Raimon
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Enginyeria de Sistemes, Automàtica i Informàtica Industrial; Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. BIOSPIN - Biomedical Signal Processing and Interpretation
Diaphragm electromyography (EMGdi) provides important information on diaphragm activity, to detect neuromuscular disorders of the most important muscle in the breathing inspiratory phase. EMGdi is habitually recorded using needles or esophageal catheters, with the implication of being invasive for patients. Surface electrodes offer an alternative for the non-invasive assessment of diaphragm activity. Ag/AgCl surface disc electrodes are used in monopolar or bipolar configuration to record EMGdi signals. On the other hand, Laplacian surface potential can be estimated by signal recording through active concentric ring electrodes. This kind of recording could reduce physiological interferences, increase the spatial selectivity and reduce orientation problems in the electrode location. The aim of this work is to compare EMGdi signals recorded simultaneously with disc electrodes in bipolar configuration and a Laplacian ring electrode over chest wall. EMGdi signal was recorded in one healthy subject during a breath hold maneuver and a static inspiratory maneuver based on Mueller’s technique. In order to estimate the covered frequency range and the degree of noise contamination in both bipolar and Laplacian EMGdi signals, the cumulative percentage of the power spectrum and the signal to noise ratio in sub-bands were determined. Furthermore, diaphragm fatigue was evaluated by means of amplitude and frequency parameters. Our findings suggest that Laplacian EMGdi recording covers a broader frequency range although with higher noise contamination compared to bipolar EMGdi recording. Finally, in Laplacian recording fatigue indexes showed a clearer trend for muscle fatigue detection and also a reduced cardiac interference, providing an alternative to bipolar recording for diaphragm fatigue studies.
Peer Reviewed
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria biomèdica::Biomecànica
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria biomèdica::Electrònica biomèdica
Medical electronics
Biomedical engineering--Research
Electromyography
Diaphragm
Laplacian electrode
Diaphragm muscle
Fatigue surface electromyography
Electromiografia
Electrònica mèdica
Enginyeria biomèdica
Diafragma (Anatomia)
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